HIV Advocates: Sex workers fight back against Russia’s Laws

October 14, 2014

 

In May 2013, Russia’s national organization of sex workers, Silver Rose, was denied official registration as a non-government organization (NGO) by Russia’s Ministry of Justice. The Ministry declared that ‘there is no such profession as sex work,’ accusing Silver Rose of violating Article 29 of the country’s constitution. Article 29 prohibits ‘campaigning and propaganda inciting social, racial, national and or religious hatred and enmity’.

 

Since Putin has taken up second term as President, human rights organizations are facing ever greater challenges when monitoring and reporting human rights violations across the country. Harsh laws have been adopted, including those that persecute anyone voicing criticism of the regime. In fact, anyone who lives a so-called ‘non-traditional lifestyle’ such as gays, lesbians, transgender, people living with HIV/AIDS and drug users, are exposed to discrimination and stigmatization. In this light, sex workers who often belong to a variety of extra vulnerable societal subgroups, are forced to live under equally harsh conditions.

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In Russia, sex work is criminalized, leaving sex workers without social or legal status. Meanwhile, stigma and discrimination against sex workers is encouraged by the Orthodox Church which portrays sex workers as a manifestation of society’s moral decay. Sex workers are seen as sinners and home wreckers, unworthy of raising children. While the widespread HIV/AIDS problem in Russia is widely seen as a ‘foreign complot’ and quality treatment is equally absent, sex workers are having an even harder time to guard their health and access affordable medication. Moreover, Russia’s sex workers are extremely mobile and not always in possession of the right documents, thus increasing their vulnerability to harassment from the state and non-state agents. ‘We want to pull sex workers out of the grip of violence, social discrimination and corruption’. Irina Maslova of Silver Rose remarked.

 

By July, Silver Rose’s leader and a former sex worker herself, Maslova sent a complaint to the St. Petersburg district court, reporting a violation of her civil rights and freedoms and requesting the court to dismiss the Ministry’s decision and instead recognize Silver Rose as a legitimate NGO. However the Judge upheld the Ministry’s decision to refuse registration, stating technical inconsistencies in the groups’ formal request.

 

But Silver Rose is not the kind of group to give up. ‘Official registration will mean that the state acknowledges our existence, that we have same human rights as others, which need protection’. Maslova asserted to the Russian Service of the BBC. Agora, a human rights association has been assisting Silver Rose to prepare another request for registration, despite the likelihood that this motion will be declined. Nevertheless, Silver Rose’s sex workers are determined to pursue justice at the European Court of Human Rights that is based in Strasbourg.

 

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Greece Reinstates Law that Violates Human Rights of PLHIV

September 3, 2013

A draconian Greek law violating the rights of its population has been reinstated under its new Health Minister Adonis Georgiadus.

The law was scrapped in May 2012 under national and international pressure, but was revived in June 26th this year. Health Regulation 39A allows police to force those suspected of being HIV positive to undergo mandatory HIV testing. Human rights activists and groups are up in arms over the reinstatement, arguing that it unfairly cracks down on sex workers, drug users and undocumented migrants. Furthermore, the law in effect has led to reports of People living with HIV (PLHIV) being subjected to enforced isolation, home eviction and having their names published to the wider public.

Early treatment and diagnosis is obviously important; however mandatory HIV testing can produce negative health outcomes, such as mistrust of the health system, fear, stress and anxiety, failures in treatment and thus viral suppression.

The Greek government has implemented this policy due to its concern over a sharp rise in HIV cases. 2011 saw a 200% increase in HIV amongst youth. However it has slashed its HIV prevention budgets from 35 million euros in 2010 to 20 million last year. This is antithetical to reducing HIV prevalence in population, and this new law means that more money is being funneled into punitive measures, rather than being used to invest in HIV prevention, testing, care and support services. Education campaigns and sensitizing people to HIV have proven time and again to be the most effective and intuitive prevention strategies.

International organizations have widely condemned the Greek policy, including UNAIDS, the World Health Organization and the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights. “The Greek Health Minister is clearly violating basic human rights and human dignity under the guise of ‘protecting the community from contagious diseases,’” Doctors of the World, a non-profit, said in a statement reacting to the news.

It is important to keep this issue in the spotlight. It is by sharing this news that the movement to repeal this draconian law can be energized and amplified. Like and share if you agree.

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